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Barcelona has a vast history of architecture with many buildings in the Gothic Quarter dating back to Medieval times.  Barcelona is also home to several World Heritage Sites including the Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau by Lluís Domènech i Montaner, and also many works by Antoni Gaudí: Park Güell, Palau Güell, Casa Milà, Casa Vicens, Sagrada Família, Casa Batlló, and the Crypt in Colonia Güell.

Antoni Gaudí is probably best internationally known for his still unfinished church of the Sagrada Família, which he began construction on in 1882.  He devoted more than 40 years of his life to its design and construction before dying in 1926.  The church is currently scheduled for completion in 2026.

Two other notable architects are Lluís Domènech i Montaner, who designed the Palau de la Música Catalana, the Hospital de Sant Pau and the Casa Lleó Morera, and Josep Puig i Cadafalch, who’s Casa Ametller can be seen on Passeig de Gràcia.

As a result of the 1992 Summer Olympics constructions, building such as the Hotel Arts and its next-door twin the Torre Mapfre have turned Barcelona into a center for avant-garde architecture.  The also famous, and possibly infamous, Torre Agbar has received conflicting reviews.  Due to its unusual shape, the building has earned many derogatory nicknames from both locals and tourists. 

Barcelona won the 1999 RIBA Royal Gold Medal for its architecture.  As of 2007, this was the first and only time a city itself, and not an individual architect, has won the award.

 

 

 
 

Date

Architect

Building

1298-

-

Catedral de Santa Creu i Santa Euhàlia

1322-

-

Església de Santa Maria del Pi

1329-1383

-

Església de Santa Maria del Mar

14th-15thc

-

Plaça del Rei

1418-

-

Palau de la Generalitat

1732

Josep Juli

Església de Betlem

1859

Francesc Daniel Molina

Plaça de Reial

1864

Lluís Domènech i Montaner

Casa Lleó-Morera

1873-1876

Josep Mª Cornet i Mas

Mercat de la Boqueria

1876

Josep Fontseré

Mercat del Born

1882-

Antoni Gaudí

Temple de la Sagrada Família

1883

Antoni Gaudí

Casa Vicens

1886-1890

Antoni Gaudí

Palau Güell

1888

Josep Vilaseca i Casanovas

Arc de Triomf

1898-1899

Antoni Gaudí

Casa Calvet

1900

Josep Puig i Cadafalch

Casa Amatller

1900-1914

Antoni Gaudí

Parc Güell

1901-1930

Lluís Domènech i Montaner

Hospital de Sant Pau

1903-1905

Josep Puig i Cadafalch

Casa Terrades (Casa de les Punxes)

1904-1906

Antoni Gaudí

Casa Batlló

1905-1908

Lluís Domènech i Montaner

Palau de la Música Catalana

1905-1910

Antoni Gaudí

Casa Milà (La Pedrera)

1910-

Josep Puig i Cadafalch

Casarramona Factory

1918-1920

B. Basegoda & J. Basegoda

Casa Rocamora

1928-1929

Mies van der Rohe

Barcelona Pavilion

1987-1995

Richard Meier & Partners

Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona

1989-1992

Foster & Partners

Torre de Communicació de Collserola

1990-1994

Torres & Lapeña / MBM

El Corte Inglés

1991-1992

Iñigo Ortiz y Enrique de León

Torre Mapfre

1992

Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill

Hotel Arts

1992

Frank O. Gehry

Fish

2001-2004

Jean Nouvel

Torre Agbar

2002

Luna, Brufau, Asarta, Isozaki

CaixaForum

1998-2005

Enric Miralles Benedetta Tagliabue

Mercat Santa Caterina

 
     
     
 
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